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Sutera Retreat Retirement Hub: Connecting Elderly And Community Through The Social Interaction Space Mohamad Akhir Akhbar B Yussop | MBE 181073 |Session 2020/21 Sem 2 Main Supervisor: Ar Samsiah Binti Abdullah Co Supervisor: AP Dr Alice Sabrina Binti Ismail Internal Panels: Dr Roshida Abdul Majid, Dr Nor Izura Tukiman External Panel: Prof Dr Syed Ahmad Iskandar Syed Ariffin

Time Frame

CRIT 1 07.04.21

CRIT 2 27.04.21

CRIT 3 18.05.21

CRIT 4 01.06.21

CRIT 5 15.06.21

Proposal 30.03.21

FTA 07.07.21 Special Study

Unit Arrangement. Social Space. Teaching & Learning Program

Internal & External Space Planning

Fire & Services

Structural System

Space Tabulation.

Fire Safety & Building Regulations.

Structural Systems.

Site Planning.

Building Services.

Construction Details.

Presentatio n Layout

Board Layout Composition.

Overview The world population life expectancy has increased because of medical advances and economic growth (Alavi et al, 2011). This leads to a rise in the population aged over 60 years. In Malaysia, the Department of Statistic has reported in 2030, this country will become the ageing country due to increasing the elderly population by 15% from current population.

3.23 M (10%)

> 60

ELDERLY POPULATION IN JOHOR (2018)

8%

6% 28%

7% 10%

5.82 M (15.3%)

16%

2%

+0.3% +0.6%

> 60

+0.3% +0.5%

6%

7%

10%

Johor Bahru (74,985) Batu Pahat (42,504) Kluang (27,112) Kota Tinggi (19,152) Kulai (15,616) Mersing (5,950) Muar (28,224) Pontian (18,213) Segamat (21,034) Tangkak (15,776)

ELDERLY OCCUPANTS / HOUSE IN JOHOR

2018

• • •

Population in Johor Bahru is 1.6 M Elderly Population is 74, 985 (4%) Johor Bahru Has 22 Elderly House

+15%

2030

3.7 M (11.1%)

2017 : 1059 2018 : 1224

> 60

2020

Source:

42% JB : 22 TOTAL : 52

Laporan Tahunan, Jabatan Kebajikan Masyarakat Negeri Johor (2018). Retrieved from http://www.jkm.gov.my/jkm/uploads/files/JKMN%20JOHOR/Penerbitan%20JKMNJ/REPORT%20JKMNJ%202018_FINAL-compressed.pdf Alavi, K., Sail, R. M., Idris, K., Samah, A. A., & Omar, M. (2011). Living Arrangement Preference and Family Relationship Expectation of Elderly Parents. Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities, 19(S), 65 – 73.

There has been a huge increment in the number of elderly care centre from 1983 to 2001. Thus, the establishment of a care centre for the elderly is seen only to fill up and meet the current demand. Sim (2002)

The elderly care centre establishments in Malaysia normally they were built in gated complexes or rented the existing shop lots and residential building. Sanmargaraja et al. (2013)

Sinda Old Folk’s Home

City Heart Care, Nursing Home

JB Carecentre

Calvary Welfare Center

Pusat Jagaan Orang Tua Yeo

The elderly often feel discontent with the standard of treatment, the lack of purpose and sense of belonging in life as a result of institutional policy, the rigidity of general routine and the living arrangement. Berglund (2007)

This situation not only have a negative influence on the well-being of the elderly, but it can even lead to isolation and loneliness feeling. Jamaiyah et al. (2006)

Pusat Jagaan Orang Tua Ceria

Issues

Most of the elderly care centre was adapted from existing residential and shop lot building which not suitable to be implemented. In result, the elderly will stay in dormitory living arrangement due to limited space. This arrangement may affect elderly discomfort and lack of social interaction.

There are no proper space and other options for the elderly to have social interaction and activity with the resident. Since the institution is using the existing residential building and turn it to suit the care centre layout which may affect elderly well-being.

The elderly feel that they are no longer needed in society. In an individualistic industrial society, caring for an elderly is seen as a voluntary obligation that may be ignored without fear of social censure.

Design Aim To propose the elderly care center which providing a spaces and program that able to increase the elderly well-being and social interaction.

Design Objectives Architecture

Social

Building Program

To propose the elderly living arrangement/ configuration in the care centre to stimulate social interaction among the elderly

To design a pocket and social space in the care centre that promotes the social interaction among the elderly and community.

To integrate the building and learning program in the elderly care center that able to integrate and engage the elderly and community.

km

Proposed Site Johor Darul Tazim

(S

ut

er

aM

al l

)2

.5

Proposed Site

Matahari School

Johor Bahru

Taman Sutera

Site Information: Local Authorities Land Status Plot Ratio Zones Land Area

: Majlis Bandaraya Iskandar Puteri : Temporary Parking : 1:4 : Class B-Commercial : 2.61 Acres/ 10 117.1 SQM

Plot Ratio/ Density

Type of Elderly Living Arrangement

Single living

9.31%

Couple living

15.53%

Hadi et. al (2012)

Family living

Living with Others

3.83%

71.33%

Residential Unit

Convert Commercial

Housing

Rancangan Tempatan Daerah Johor Bahru & Kulai 2025

Type 1

Type 2

Type 4

Type 3

Type 5

Identification of User • •

Independent with minimum care

70.4%

Without any help or minimum care

Functional dependent elderly

25.9%

With assisted care when needed

Disabled elderly

3.7%

1/20 of the elderly (60 years) had early stage of dementia (forgetfulness). This condition will cause the spoken word to be vague, act abnormally and behave like a child. Rosfazila (2019)



Need fully assistance at all times





The corridor should be design in ‘endless corridor”. The elderly will feel less-frustrated as they have several choices rather than dead-end corridor. The implementation of bright colour, big signage and prominent elements as landmark may help the elderly as wayfinding navigational to find each spaces. To avoid reflective material and colour, it can cause discomfort to the elderly. Bryant (1991)



For activity spaces, it should have a direct visual access, to encourage the sociality because the activities become highly visible. Calkins (1988)

Source:

Ahmad, N.A., Mohamad Kasim, N., Mahmud, N.A. et al. Prevalence and determinants of disability among adults in Malaysia: results from the National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS) 2015. BMC Public Health 17, 756 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4793-7

Corridor

Rumah Jagaan Warga Nur Ehsan, Johor Bahru, Johor

Residential Care Home Andritz, Graz, Austria

Building Program

Residential/ Facilities

Knowledge Transfer

Community Engagement

Housing Units Musolla Cafeteria Mini Library Mail Room Laundry Convenience Store Pocket Space Clinic Pharmacy Gymnasium (Indoor/ Outdoor) Physiotherapy Centre Open Park/ Jogging Track

Workshop Classroom (Art & Craft/ Bakery/ Pottery) (Urban Farming) Library Coworking Area

Community Market Mini Amphitheatre Kiosk Cafe Pocket Space

Schedule of Accomodation

Residential

Knowledge Transfer

Community Engagement

Management

Services

60%

8%

7%

2%

23%

Form Design Development

Setback • The area of site is 2.62 acre before setback. • The utilization of the site is maximized to 1.69 acre.

Plot Ratio/ Density • The permittable plot ratio is 1:4 (Commercial) • For housing development, the permittable density is 1 acre : 40 unit

Residential Unit • The residential unit has been lifted up and arranged in typical floor (shared living area) due to site area contraint. • The lift core was located at centre to consider elderly walkability movement.

Facilty • Green area and open park near to the main road was designed as a noise buffer to the residential units. • A community market located near to open park as attraction to public.

Pocket Space • The pocket space was located in each floor to allow interaction activity happen between community and elderly.

Final Form • The building facade was implemented with color theory, with light and earth tones providing harmony and serenity to the building's occupants.

Planning & Zoning

Vertical Zoning

Public

Public

Semi Public Private Services

Semi Public Private Services

Horizontal Zoning

Lift/ Services Core Knowledge Transfer Management Facility Residential Units Residential Facility Community Engagement

Circulation (Internal & External)

1

1

2

3

1 3 2

2

2

1

3

External Circulation 1 1 Vehicular/ Services Ingress 2 2 Vehicular/ Services Egress 3

Pedestrian Entrance

1 3

1

Internal Circulation 1 Visitor/ Community 2 Resident/ Management 3

Services

Unit Layout Arrangement

Creating natural surveillance. Watching the outdoor area and neighborhood houses from their own compound.

• •

Increase the permeability. The villager are able to walk easily surrounding the cluster. Indirectly encourage social interactions happens among them



Previous Layout 30m

• •

Social places located nearest to the resident’s bedroom were used slightly more frequently by the resident compared to the spaces that located far away from their bedroom.

maximize view

ma xi vie mize w

Pinet (1999)

Current Layout

maximize view

Site Plan

8

8

4

1

PERSISIRAN SUTERA DANGA

Layout

9

Legend: 1 Elderly Housing 2 OPen Park/ Jogging Track 3 Vehicular Access 4 Vehicular Egress 5 Pedestrian Walkway 6 Drop Off 7 School Field 8 Rubber Plantation 9 Existing Residential 10 Matahari School 11 SJKC Kuo Kuang 2

2 5

6

JALAN PERSISIRAN SUTERA DANGA 1

7

5

7

PERSISIRAN SUTERA DANGA

3

1 1

2 3

2 1

1 4

1 6

1 0

1 3

1 8

1 0

1 7 1 0

1 5

1 2

1 0

9 1 9

7

6

9

5

2

1 0

8 3

1

2 2

2 1

4 1 0

1 1

1 0

2 4

PERSISIRAN SUTERA DANGA

Ground Floor

Legend: 1 Drop Off 2 Reception 3 Fire Control Room 4 Mail Room 5 Administration Office 6 Pharmacy 7 Clinic 8 Retail 9 Lift/ Services Core 10 Pocket Space 11 Mini Amphitheatre 12 Community Market 13 Indoor Cafeteria 14 Outdoor Cafeteria 15 Exhibition Area 16 Community Farming 17 Toilet 18 Special Care Unit 19 Ambulance Parking 20 Bus Stop 21 Open Park/ Jogging Track 22 Vehicular Ingress 23 Vehicular Egress 24 Pedestrian Walkway

Residential

50%

Community Engagement

2 0

20% Services

20%

JALAN PERSISIRAN SUTERA DANGA 1 2 4

Knowledge Transfer

5%

Management

5%

Sub Basement

9

8

7

1

6

5

4

3

2

1

Legend: 1 Lift/ Services Core 2 Loading Unloading 3 Refuse 4 Genset Room 5 TNB Substation 6 MSB/ MDF Room 7 Domestic Water Tank 8 Pump Room 9 Hosereel Tank

First Floor

5

5

3

2

1 1

2

Legend: 1 Lift/ Services Core 2 Pocket Space 3 Management Office 4 Toilet 5 Multipurpose Classroom 6 Art & Craft Workshop 7 Coworking Space 8 Library 9 Yoga Workshop 10 Kiosk Cafe 11 Bakery Workshop

1 0

4

Residential

5

9 1

0%

Community Engagement

15% Services

2

7

45%

1

2

6

Knowledge Transfer

8

2

30%

Management

10%

Second Floor

5

2

3

1 0

2

Legend: 1 Lift/ Services Core 2 Pocket Space 3 Kiosk Cafe 4 Toilet 5 Surau 6 Art & Craft Workshop 7 Multipurpose Room 8 Library 9 Gymnasium & Physio Center 10 Hair Saloon

1 0

4

Residential

5

9 1

33%

10% Services

7

27%

1 Community Engagement

6

Knowledge Transfer

8

27%

Management

3%

Typical Floor 1 (Level 3,5,7)

Legend: 1 Lift/ Services Core 2 Shared Space 3 Residential Unit 4 Mini Library 5 Caretaker Unit 6 Central Courtyard

2

3

4

3

2

3

2

4

3

3

3

3

Residential

70%

2

Community Engagement

0%

1

6

1

4

Services

30% 2

3

5

3

2

3

3

2

3

3

2

3

Knowledge Transfer

0%

Management

0%

Typical Floor 2 (Level 4 & 6)

Legend: 1 Lift/ Services Core 2 Shared Space 3 Residential Unit 4 Mini Library 5 Caretaker Unit 6 Central Courtyard

3 2

3

4

3

2

3

3

2

3

4

Residential

70%

2 3

3

Community Engagement

0% 1

6

1

5

4

Services

30% 3 2

3

2

3

3

2

3

5

3

2

3

Knowledge Transfer

0%

Management

0%

Roof Top Plan

Legend: 1 Lift/ Services Core 2 Open Park 3 VRV Unit 4 RWHT 5 Sky Light Roof

Residential

60%

3

2

5

0%

4

1

5

2

0%

3 Community Engagement

4

Knowledge Transfer

5

Services

40%

Management

0%

Perspectives

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