English grammar

Verbs. Futur. Will. Going to

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Story Transcript

WILL AND GOING TO GRAMMAR: Will(future time) Form: Will+ infinitive without to. Will is a modal auxiliary verb. The form of will are the same all persons. Positive and negative I come He/She/It 'll (will) help you We/You/They won't invited Tom Question he When will you help me? They Short answer Will you help me? Yes,I will Note: No,I won't is not common because it is impolite. It means `I don't want to help you'. A polite way of saying `no' here is `I'm afraid I can't'. Use: Will is used: 1)to express a future decision or intention made at the moment of speaking. `It's Mary's party? `is it? I'll buy her some presents' Going to Form:

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Am/is/are + going + to + infinitive Positive and negative 'm (am) I 'm not He She 's (is) going to work It isn't We You `re (are) They aren't Question am I he is she it going to arrive? When we are you they short answer Are they going to get married? Yes, they are/No, they aren´t Use: Going is used: 1)to express a future decision, intention, or plan made before the moment of speaking. She isn't going to have a party next week 2)when we can see or feel now that something is certain to happen in the future.

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What out! that box is going to fall. Activities: 1)write the correct form of be going to or will in each gap. 1. A: I'm going to see my grandmother. B: I will come with you, but after school. 2. A: She's is going coming on Friday B: I will call her 3. A: I'm going to the shop. Do you want to come? B: I'll come later by train. 4. A: The supermarket is closed. You can come later. B: I'll come at 5:00 o'clock 2) Complete with 'll or won't 1.It´s cold so I'll put a coat 2.Your bike is broken so I'll come walk 3. I don't have my money so I won't buy a CD 4. I've got a cold so I won't come to Mary's party 3)Choose the correct verb form. 1.I bought some warm boots because I'll go/ I'm going skiing 2.Tony's back from holiday Is he? I'll give/I'm going to give him a ring 3.what are you going to do tonight? We'll see/ we're going to see a play at the theatre 4.I need to post these letters. I'll go/I'm going shopping soon. I'll post/I'm going to post them for you. VOCABULARY: Comparative and superlative adjectives

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Comparative Superlative Short adjectives cheap cheaper cheapest Small smaller smallest Adjectives that funny funnier funniest End in−y early earlier earliest Adjectives with careful more careful most careful Two syllables or boring more boring most boring Irregular far further furthest Adjectives good better best Short adjectives with one vowel + one consonant double the consonant: hot/hottest *Than is often used after a comparative a adjectives I'm younger than Barbara−Barbara's more intelligent than Sara *The is used before superlatives adjectives He's the funniest boy in the class−Which is the tallest building in the world? Use: • We use comparatives to compare one thing, person ,or action with another • We use superlatives to compare somebody or something with the whole group • As...as shows that something is the same or equal. • Not as/so... as shows that something isn't the same. Activities: 1)Sleeping bag− Is a thing similar a bed, that you can transport and used when you go to sleep out Penknife− Is a object similar a knife, that you used when you cut something. Pan−is a utensil that you used for cook Rucksack− Is a object that you used to put some books, food.. and you carry to school, to travel...

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Torch 25 Tin opener 10 Rucksack 30 Water bottle 8 sleeping bag 45 2) Are this sentences true or false? − The sleeping bag is more expensive than the torch. FALSE − The tin opener is cheaper than the water bottle. FALSE − The rucksack is more expensive than the torch. TRUE − The water bottle is cheaper than the sleeping bag. TRUE 3) Cloudy Cold Sunny Rainy Stormy 4) In Madrid The people wear a coat so is cold In Toledo the people have a umbrella so is rainy In Malaga the people is in the beach so is sunny In Valencia a girl is eat a ice cream so is hot C O R E

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