E

La filosofía: un enfrentamiento religioso dentro de la política  griega  Philosophy: a Religious Confrontation within Greek Politics  Marco Antonio Ló

3 downloads 34 Views 437KB Size

Recommend Stories


POTENCIOMETRIA. E j. E ind. E ref
POTENCIOMETRIA El objetivo de una medición potenciometrica es obtener información acerca de la composición de una solución mediante el potencial que a

E
Cod: HON-AB2-CEE-090816 WEB LISTA DE OPERACIONES CERTIFICADAS LIST OF CERTIFIED OPERATIONS Norma BIO LATINA equivalente a CEE 834/2007 y CEE 889/2008

Story Transcript

La filosofía: un enfrentamiento religioso dentro de la política  griega  Philosophy: a Religious Confrontation within Greek Politics  Marco Antonio López Espinoza 

En-claves del Pensamiento, vol. VII, núm. 13, enero-junio, 2013, pp. 125-135. Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey Campus Ciudad de México Distrito Federal, México

En-claves del Pensamiento, ISSN (Versión impresa): 1870-879X [email protected] [email protected] Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey Campus Ciudad de México México

LA FILOSOFÍA: UN ENFRENTAMIENTO RELIGIOSO  DENTRO DE LA POLÍTICA GRIEGA MARCO ANTONIO LÓPEZ ESPINOZA* Resumen

E

8"9.:9%"6/.9.(;."/.3?(";.8"(#@3*3.(9%";."8#"A8%>%" 6%8B93@%0/.83D3%>%>!"#"9/#=C>";."2("#(E83>3>"D.(./#8";."9/.>"D/#(;.>"*%=3*3.(9%>" .>63/392#8.>";."8#"F(93DG.;#;H"68#9%(3>*%!"639#D%/3>*%"I"%/A>*%+"J%/*#8*.(9.">." @%(@3K.".8"(#@3*3.(9%";."8#"A8%>%""@8E>3@#>!">."62.;."(%9#/".8"6.>%"/.83D3%>%" I"6%8B93@%";.">.*.1#(9."9/#(>9%>"9/.>"*%=3*3.(9%>"./#" ;.//%@#/"8#"/.83D3?("N%*C/3@#"%A@3#8+ Palabras clave: /.83D3?("D/3.D#!"6%8B93@#"D/3.D#!"A8%>%" 9%" /.3%(" %%6NI" 3(" /.83D3%2>" 9./*>!" 9N/%2DN" #" @%*6/.N.(>3=." #(#8I>3>" %" %*!"OI9N#D%/3>*!"#(;"R/6N3>*+"S."2>2#88I">.."9N."K3/9N"%"#"@N#(D."%2/@.>!"I%2"*#I"(%93@."9N."/.83D3%2>"#(;"6%8393@#8"U.3DN9"%­ 3;#;"J#@3%(#8"F29?(%*#";."XC:3@%!"XC:3@%!"Y*#/@%93/.>3#>ZI#N%%+@%*[+

EN­CLAVES del pensamiento!"#$%"&''!"()*+",-!".(./%012(3%"45,-!"66+",470,-7+

13/06/13 11:55

,4\"

X#/@%"F(9%(3%"]?6.L"M>63(%L#

!"#$%&'()*$^/.._"/.83D3%(!"^/.._"6%8393@>!"^/.._"6N38%>%6NI!"O8#9%(+

!"#$%$&'()*+,-'*$%)versus educación poética M("8#"C6%@#"@8E>3@#";."8#"F(93DG.;#;"8%>"D/3.D%>"I#";.A(.("#"V%*./%"@%*%".8" `.;2@#;%/";."^/.@3#a+"M(".8"83K/%"X de +",-./012!"6%/".1.*68%!"O8#9?("@#/#@9./3L#" A.8*.(9."8#"%63(3?("@%*)("I"9/#;3@3%(#8">%K/.".8"D/#("6%.9#+"M(">2";3E8%D%"@%(" F;3*#(9%"I"^8#2@?(!"b?@/#9.>"@%(!" 62.>9#>".("N.:E*.9/%>!""3;.#>"Q2.";.K.("@%(>93923/".8"()@8.%" *3>*%";."8#".(>.$#(L#"@B=3@#H" cde"#"Q23.(.>" #8#K#("#"V%*./%";3@3.(;%"Q2.".>9."6%.9#" N#".;2@#;%"#"8#" VC8#;.!"I"Q2."@%("/.>6.@9%"#"8#"#;*3(3>9/#@3?("I".;2@#@3?(";."8%>"#>2(9%>" N2*#(%>".>";3D(%";."Q2.">."8."9%*."6#/#".>92;3#/!"I"Q2."N#I"Q2.";3>6%(./" 9%;#" (2.>9/#" =3;#" ;." #@2./;%" @%(" 8%" Q2." 6/.>@/3K." ;3@N%" 6%.9#!" ;.K.*%>" #*#/8%>"I">#82;#/8%>"@%*%"#"8#>"*.1%/.>"6./>%(#>"Q2.">.#"6%>3K8.".(@%(­ 9/#/!"I"@%(=.(3/"@%(".88%>".("Q2."V%*./%".>".8"*E>"D/#(;."6%.9#"I".8"6/3*./%" ;."8%>"9/ED3@%>!"6./%"N#I"Q2.">#K./"9#*K3C("Q2.!".("@2#(9%"#"6%.>B#!">?8%" ;.K.("#;*393/>.".("(2.>9/%"M>9#;%"8%>"N3*(%>"#"8%>";3%>.>"I"8#>"#8#K#(L#>" #"8%>"N%*K/.>"K2.(%>+, 

XE>"#88E";.";3".>6.@3#8.>".("8%>";%>"*%;.8%>".;2@#93=%>!"*."3(9.­ /.>#">2K/#I#/"Q2.".8".(!".:3>9.("*2@N%>"D/3.D%>"@2I#"".(>.$#(L#>"=./93;#>".("8#"9/#;3@3?("6%C93@#+"O#/#".>%>" 3(;3=3;2%>!".8"9#;%"93.(.".(" 8#"6%.>B#"N%*C/3@#">2"*%9%/"@#/;3(#8+4"g>9#".>"8#"%63(3?("@%*)(+"b3(".*K#/D%!" .8"A8?>%3;./#".//#;%";.1#/".("*#(%>";.8"6%.9#"8#".;2@#@3?(" ;." 8#" /.6)K83@#+" O/3(@36#8*.(9." 6%/" .8" @#/E@9./" *3*C93@%" 3(N./.(9." #8" @#(9%+" P%;#"6%.>B#!"#A/*#!"`>."N#88#"#"9/368.";3>9#(@3#";.8">./a"I#"Q2.".>"`3*39#@3?(a";." 8#"/.#83;#;"*2(;#(#"Q2.!"#">2"=.L!".>"3*39#@3?("%"`@%63#a";."8#"/.#83;#;".(">B" ,

" O8#9?(!"+",-./012+"P/#;+";."F(9%(3%"^?*.L"h%K8.;%+"XC:3@%!"UNAM!"4555!"6+"\5\.+ " b%K/.".8"@#/E@9./"/.83D3%>%";."8#"6%.>B#"I"8#"*39%8%DB#"N%*C/3@#".:3>9."2(#"#*683#"K3K83%D/#!"134"O3.//."f#/83./!"Homero+"P/#;+";."F8B#".>"*3*.>3>";."8#"*3*.>3>+"M(".>9.">.(93;%!"@%(93()#".8"A8?>%3D(3A@#(9.";."8#>"@%>#>"Q2."3*39#a+" M8"@#(9%"6%C93@%".>"2("12.D%"3//3>%/3%";.>6/%=3>9%";."9%;%"@%(%@3*3.(9%">%K/."8#" =./;#;./#"/.#83;#;!"I"6#/.@.";.>#>9/%>%"Q2.">#K./"9#("83*39#;%".1./L#"8#"*3>3?(" 6.;#D?D3@#"Q2."#8D2(%>"8.".(@%*3.(;#(!"62.>!".(")893*#"3(>9#(@3#!".8"12.D%" 6%C93@%"`3*68#(9#".8"*#8"D%K3./(%a"I!"6%/".88%!".("82D#/";."./3D3/".("N%*K/%>"#8" #.;%!";.K./B#"9#@NE/>.8.";."`9/#3;%/"#8"M>9#;%a+-   En la +",-./012"8#"=%L";."b?@/#9.>".>9E"B(93*#*.(9."83D#;#"#8"6.(>#/"68#9?(3@%+" O8#9?("@/393@#";2/#*.(9."8#">#K3;2/B#"6%C93@#!";.K3;%"#"Q2."K2>@#".//#;3@#/">2" 3(p2.(@3#">%K/."8%>"@/39./3%>"";."8#">%@3.;#;"I".8"M>9#;%"D/3.D%>+"]%>" 1?=.(.>"@%("*3/#>"#";.>.*6.$#/"@#/D%>"6)K83@%>">%(">.;2@3;%>"6%/"8#"X2>#" 6%C93@#!"8#">3D2.("@%(".(92>3#>*%"I"/.8.D#(".8"8#/D%">.(;./%";."8#".(>.$#(L#" #@#;C*3@#"6#/#"%9/%"*%*.(9%H"`M8"6%.9#".>".8"/3=#8";.8"A8?>%9.//#(;%"#8"6%.9#!".8"`/.I"A8?>%2*./D3;%".("8#"@%(9.*68#@3?(";.8"m3.("b26/.*%"8%D/#/E"Q2."`8#"X2>#"A8%>?A@#" >."N#D#";.8"6%;./".("8#"@32;#;a7"I"#>B".8"%/;.("3;.#8"/.3(.">%K/."9%;#"^/.@3#+"g>#" ./#"8#".>6./#(L#"68#9?(3@#".("%6%>3@3?("#8"6#/#;3D*#"N%*C/3@%+

* * * ]#"N3>9%/3#"D/3.D#!"(%"%K>9#(9.!"*2.>9/#"Q2.".8";3>@2/>%"@%(9.(3;%".("+",-­ blica"";.>;.$#­ /%("9%9#8*.(9."8#".:N%/9#@3?("N#@3#".8"M>9#;%"';.#8"I"6/.A/3./%("@%(93(2#/"8#" 9/#;3@3?(+"]%>"#@#;C*3@%>"@%(+"sO%/" Q2Ct!"s6%/"Q2C"8#"*#I%/B#";."8%>"N.8.(%>";."8#"C6%@#"(%"@%(D.(3#K#("@%(" 8#>"3;.#>"68#9?(3@#>t"F"*3"123@3%!"8#"@#2>#";.">.*.1#(9."*.(%>6/.@3%"382*3(#" ;."*%;%".1.*68#/"2("@%(9/#>9.!"2(#"6%8C*3@#".(9/."8#"6%.>B#"N%*C/3@#"I"8#" (#@3.(9."A8%>%";%@9/3(#>"Q2."8.">%("6/?:3*#>"@%*%".8"%/A>*%"I".8" 639#D%/3>*%!".1.*683A@#("2(#"@%//3.(9."6%8B93@#"I"/.83D3%>#"Q2."3(9.(9?";.>83(;#/­ >.";."#8D2(%>";."8%>"6/.>262.>9%>"*E>"3*6%/9#(9.>";."8#"@/..(@3#"9/#;3@3%(#8+" -

  Ibid!"66+"\57K"I">>+ " n+"X+"f%/(!"R:>!",k\u!"6+"-4+"v]#" 9/#;2@@3?(".>"*B#+w 7 " O8#9?(!"&,4$1074$p. ukk;+ 4

EN­CLAVES del pensamiento, año VII, núm. 13, enero­junio 2013, pp. 125­135.

EnClaves13.indb 127

13/06/13 11:55

,4x"

X#/@%"F(9%(3%"]?6.L"M>63(%L#

n2./%("8#"=%L";3>%(#(9."Q2."8#"*#I%/B#";."8%>"D/3.D%>"(%".>92=3./%(";3>62.>9%>" #"%B/!"#8"*.(%>"(%"8%">2A@3.(9."6#/#";.//%@#/"#"8#"%>";."V%*./%+ f%*3.(L%"@%("#8D2(%>".1.*68%>+"O/3*./%"Q2."(#;#"K#>9#"/.@%/;#/"8#"*2./9." ;."b?@/#9.>!".8"D/#("3(>63/#;%/";."O8#9?("I"`*E/93/""6%/".8"@%(9.(3;%";."8#>".(>.$#(L#>" >%@/E93@#>!"6/.>.(9#/%("8#">3D23.(9."#@2>#@3?(H"`b?@/#9.>";.83(Q2."@%//%*63.(;%" #"8%>"1?=.(.>"I"(%"venerando a los dioses"Q2."=.(./#".8"M>9#;%!">3(%"#"%9/%>" >./.>";.*?(3@%>"(2.=%>a+"o"b?@/#9.>!">.D)("8%>"/.6/.>.(9#(9.>";."8#"6%8B93@#" I"8#"6%.>B#";."8#"@32;#;!"(%"/.6/%;2@B#"8#>"@%(=3@@3%(.>"#@%>92*K/#;#>+"M>" *E>!">3"9%*#*%>"9#8"@%*%".>9E"8#"#@2>#@3?("(#//#;#".(".8";3E8%D%!"8.>"6#/.@B#" Q2.";3=28D#K#"2(#"(2.=#"/.83D3?(!"2(#"2"6#/9.!"(%"!">3(".*K#/D%!".("8#"Epístola VII v-4uK>>+w"@%(A.>#".8".(D#$%";.8"Q2."";."8#"A8%>%3%"'"I"z3%(3>3%" ''r"Q23.(.>"8."3*63;3./%("/.#83L#/">2"*%;.8%"6%8B93@%".("b3/#@2>#"I"6/.A/3./%(" D%K./(#/"#"8#"2>#(L#"39#83#(#H"93/E(3@#*.(9.H"`{%"@32;#;#(%";."F9.(#>!"@%*6#­ $./%";."z3%("I"#83#;%">2I%"*."3%"6#/#"N#@./"#*3>9#;" ;."8#";3>@%/;3#!"6./%"*."=3"=.(@3;%".("8#"82@N#"@%(9/#"8%>"@#82*(3#;%/.>a+k A  6.>#/";.">2>".>"r;%>"D/#(;.>"=3#1.>"#"X#D(#"^/.@3#"8%"@%(A/*#(r".8" A8?>%?"N2*388#;%!">3("8%D/#/".8"#(>3#;%"@%*.93;%+ 'D2#8"Q2."b?@/#9.>!"O8#9?("(%"62;%"@%(=.(@./"#">2>"@%(@32;#;#(%>"#9.(3.(­ >.>"r(3"#"8%>">3@383#(%>r";."8#>"K%(;#;.>";.8"@#*3(%"A8%>?A@%+"X2I"6%@%>"8.>" 6/.>9#/%("#9.(@3?(+"M8"83K/%"VI de +",-./012!"6%/".1.*68%!";.>@/3K."8#"`>%8.;#;a" I"`.(@3.//%a";.>93(#;%>"#8"#8*#"A8%>?A@#"@#/.(9.";.8"`>2.8%"2"*%"83K/%!".8"A8?>%#"8%" @%(;.(#"#"8#"3(;3D.(@3#!"8#"3(29383;#;"I"8#";.6/#=#@3?(T">2">#8=#@3?(">?8%"=.(;/E" \ " f%*%"8."88#*#"n/#(@3>@%"h%;/BD2.L"F;/#;%>".("52/2.'2)$"$0("2)4"X#;/3;!"M;3@3%(.>"f8E>3@#>!" ,kk4+"6+"u--+ o " O8#9?(!"92$("3";)2$("$@:1'27")+"P/#;+";."X+"^#/@B#"m#/?+"b#8#*#(@#!"bBD2.*.!"4557!"6+"4uK+ x " ]%>"123@3%>"6%/"`3*63.;#;a".(9#K8#;%>".("8%>">3D8%>"V"I"IV"#+"f+!".>9#K#("B(93*#*.(9."83D#;%>" #"@%(p3@9%>";."%/;.("6%8B93@%+"J%">?8%"b?@/#9.>!"3D2#8*.(9."F(#:ED%/#>"I".8"/.9?/3@%"F(;?@3;.>!" .(9/." %9/%>" 6./>%(#1.>" 382>9/.>" ;." 8#" =3;#" #9.(3.(>.!" %>!" @%(>.@2.(@3#";."8#>"Q2./.88#>".(9/."6#/93;%>"%6%>39%/.>+"vCf+"m/2(%"b(.88!"El descubrimiento del  espíritu. A)76(0&$)&.'"$/2$8B;")0)$("/$,";)2C0";7&$"6'&,"&$";$/&)$8'0"8&)4"P/#;+";."i%#("n%(9@2K./9#+" m#/@.8%(#!"F@#(938#;%!"455o!"66+"\50\,+w k " O8#9?(!"5'&7D8&'2)E$%"

@2#(;%".8"6#/#;3D*#"/.62K83@#(%"3;.#8">."/.#83@.".("F9.(#>"I".("@#;#"2(#";." las poleis. 

* * * M8"123@3%";."b?@/#9.>"I".8";.>6/.@3%"D.(./#8"#8"6/%I.@9%"68#9?(3@%"/.=.8#(".(" >B"*3>*%>"8#"@%(12(@3?(";."6/%K8.*E93@#>"/.83D3%>#>"I"6%8B93@#>"#8"3(9./3%/";."8#" @%*2(3;#;"D/3.D#"r.>6.@3#8*.(9.".("F9.(#>r+"M("..!".>";.@3/!"6#/#".8"6%8B93@%";%*3(#(9.".("8#"C6%@#"68#9?(3@#!"8#>"@/..(@3#>" 3(9/%;2@3;#>".("8#>".(>.$#(L#>">%@/E93@#>"6/%=%@#("8#"/.K.83?(";."8#"12=.(92;" .("@%(9/#";."8#>"@%>92*K/.>"I"(%/*#>".>9#K8.@3;#>+"O#/#"y(39%!"X.839%"I"]3@?(!" el silenciamiento de Sócrates estaría previniendo una futura )7D)"0)!"2(#"93(#".("F9.(#>T"9#*K3C("2(".(%A>9#>"12LD#("@%*%".//?(.#"I".:.@/#K8."8#"6#8#K/#";.8" A8?>%"(%"9.(;/E("*E>"/.*.;3%"Q2."/.9%/(#/"#8"@289%"I"#8"@%*6%/9#­ miento usual: el elemento corruptor en la polis".>"8#"(2.=#"`=.(./#@3?(a">%@/E93@#+ f%(9/#/3#*.(9.!"6#/#"O8#9?(!".8"*%9%/";."8%>"@%(p3@9%>"3(9./(%>";.8"M>9#;%" 6/%=3.(.";."8#".(>.$#(L#"6%C93@#"*3>*#!";.">2"#(9/%6%*%/A>*%"/.83D3%>%"I" >2".:#89#@3?(";."8%"#D%(#8!"Q2."8%>">%A>9#>"*#(3628#("#">2"@%(=.(3.(@3#+"]#" polis"I#".>9E"@%//%*63;#!"I"*E>"K3.(">%("8#>"6/%62.>9#>";.>#//%88#;#>".("8%>" G0D/&8&)" I" .8" .1./@3@3%" ;3#8C@93@%" #8" *%;%" >%@/E93@%" 8%" Q2." 6./*393/E" .8" #//3K%" ;.8"K2.("D%K3./(%H".8"%";."O8#9?(".("b3/#@2>#!".(".>9."@#>%!"6#/.@3./#" .(9%(@.>"2(#"@%(>.@2.(@3#";.8">38.(@3#*3.(9%";."b?@/#9.>T">2>".(>.$#(L#>!" @%*%"8#>";.">2"*#.>9/%!"62.;.(">./"3D2#8*.(9.">%>6.@N%>#>"I">2K=./>3=#>+" O#/#"8%>">%A>9#>!"8%>"3(;3=3;2%>".(".8"6%;./!"8%>"%>@2/%>""/.83­ D3%>%>";.".>#"`%9/#a"6%8B93@#">%@/E93@%068#9?(3@#">%("*%9%/";."82@N#>"3(9.>93(#>+" O#/#"8%>"#@#;C*3@%>!"@%(9/#/3#*.(9.!"8%".>"8#"=3.1#"@/..(@3#!".(#89.@.;%/#";.8" @%(p3@9%!"8#";3>629#"I"8#"D2.//#"#8".>938%";."8#"Ilíada "I"8#"Odisea. 

./*-0,)1)2&3%4,/&-0, b?@/#9.>"I"O8#9?(!"*.(@3%(#K#"#(9./3%/*.(9.!"(%"".>93D*#93­ L#;%>"6%/">2>"@%(9.*6%/E(.%>+"P#*K3C("8%>"639#D?/3@%>">293(%" >.*.1#(9.H">3.(;%"6./>.D23;%>"I".:383#;%>+" z.>;." .8" 68#(%" 6%8B93@%!" 6%/" @39#/" 2(" .1.*68%!" iE*K83@%" (#//#" @?*%" 6%/" cuestiones partidistas los secuaces de un tal Cilón incendiaron el lugar donde 

EN­CLAVES del pensamiento, año VII, núm. 13, enero­junio 2013, pp. 125­135.

EnClaves13.indb 129

13/06/13 11:55

,-5"

X#/@%"F(9%(3%"]?6.L"M>63(%L#

solían reunirse los discípulos del divino maestro.,5 Casi todos perecieron en el  #9.(9#;%"r#8D2(%>"#A/*#("Q2."N#>9#".8"6/%63%"O39ED%/#>+"P/#>".8"3(">%K/.=3=3.(9.>".*3D/#/%("N#@3#"X#D(#"^/.@3#!"I" .8"D%K3./(%"Q2."N#KB#("3(>9#2/#;%".("i%(3#"Q2.;?"9%9#8*.(9.";.>N.@N%+" M8">2@.>%"Q2."(#//#"iE*K83@%!"6%/"/#;3@#8"Q2.">.#!"(%".>"#1.(%"#">2"@%(9.:9%+" z.>;."8#"C6%@#"@8E>3@#"8%>"D/3.D%>"I#"6./@3KB#("@%(".:9/#$.L#"8#">3(D28#/3;#;";.8" /CD3*.("639#D?/3@%+"M8"*3>*%"O8#9?("N#K8#";.".88%".("+",-./012"v\55KwH"`88#*#(" 639#D?/3@%"#8"/CD3*.(";."=3;#"6%/".8"@2#8".(93.(;.(";3.";."8%>";.*E>" N%*K/.>a+"]%>"639#D?/3@%>!">.D)(".8"9.>93*%(3%!"./#("2("D/26%">3"(%"N%>938!">B" #8.1#;%"I"#6#/9#;%";.8".(9%/(%+"J%"=3=B#("#"D2>9%";.(9/%";."8#"."12>93A@#("r.("@3./9#"*.;3;#r"8%>"#9#Q2.>">%@3#8.>"I"6%8B93@%>+ O./%!"s6%/"Q2C"*%93=%"8%>"D/3.D%>"@%(>3;./#K#("#".>9%>"D/26%>";3>3;.(9.>t" sO%/"Q2C"8#>"3;.#>";."#Q2.88%>"D/#(;.>"6./>%(#1.>"(%"8%D/#/%("3*6%(./>."#8" *%;.8%"N%*C/3@%t |23LE"8#"/.>62.>9#"*E>"2>2#8"#8"/.>6.@9%".>"Q2."9#(9%".(".8"639#D%/3>*%"@%*%" .(".8"68#9%(3>*%".:3>9."2(""N#@.";3>93(D23/>." @%*68.9#*.(9.";."8%>"*39%>"N%*C/3@%>"9/#;3@3%(#8.>"@#(9#;%>".("8#"Ilíada"I"8#" Odisea+"R";3@N%";."%9/%"*%;%!"Q2.".(".8"68#9%(3>*%"I".8"639#D%/3>*%">."N#@." 6/.>.(9."2(".8.*.(9%"/#@3%(#8"@/B93@%";.8"#>6.@9%"*B93@%";."8#"/.83D3?("I"6%.>B#" 9/#;3@3%(#8.>!"I"K#1%";3@N#"/#@3%(#83L#@3?("8#"@%(AD2/#@3?("6%8B93@#";.KB#"@#*K3#/" >2>9#(93=#*.(9."r#8D%"Q2.".8"/.>9%";."8%>"D/3.D%>"(%"Q23>3./%("#@.69#/r+"b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 Lo que me interesa  ;.>9#@#/" ;.8" %/A>*%!" .(" 9C/*3(%>" D.(./#8.>!" .>" Q2." >2" @%*6%>3@3?(" 3(9./(#" 62.;.">./";.A(3;#"6%/H"`M8.*.(9%>".(9./#*.(9."#1.(%>"#"8#"/.83D3?("9/#;3@3%­ ,5

" iE*K83@%!"H0(2$50728:'012I5'&7'B,701&+"P/#;+";."X3D2.8"O./3#D%+"X#;/3;!"^/.;%>!"66+"474047x+" " M8"%/A>*%".>"2(#">.@@3?(";."8#"N3>9%/3#"/.83D3%>#"D/3.D#"Q2."#@#//.#"*)89368.>"@2.>93%(.>+" O#/#" 2(#" =3>3?(" D.(./#8!" 134"F+" m./(#KC" I"F(#" '+" i3*C(.L!" J;)7'6110&;")$ ,2'2$ "/$ CD)$ 2//D4$ 92)$ /2C0;0//2)$:'K12)$("$&'&4$X#;/3;!"M;3@3%(.>"f8E>3@#>!"455,T"S#89./"m2/_./9!$G"$L&C"'&$2$/&)$C28&)4  m#/@8.(%#!"F@#(938#;%!"455,T"S+"l+"^29N/3.!">?"$+ ,,

EN­CLAVES del pensamiento, año VII, núm. 13, enero­junio 2013, pp. 125­135.

EnClaves13.indb 130

13/06/13 11:55

]#"A8%>%."@%(>3;./#K#("2("D/26%">.8.@9%"I"=.B#(" @%*%"#1.(%"#8"/.>9%";.8"*2(;%"cde"2(#"/.83D3?(";.".>6.@3."6%/".(9./%";33?(a+,4"{"9#*K3C(".(" .8"*3>*%">.(93;%!"X3/@.#"M83#;.">%>93.(."Q2.".8"%/A>*%"./#H"`W("@%(12(9%";." *39%>!"@/..(@3#>!"@%*6%/9#*3.(9%>"."3(3@3#@3%(.>" Q2."#>.D2/#"8#">.6#/#@3?(" ;.8"?/A@%"@%("/.>6.@9%"#">2>">.*.1#(9.>a+,z."#@2./;%"@%("^29N/3.!"M83#;."I"*2@N%>"%9/%>".>6.@3#83>9#>!"3(;.6.(;3.(9.­ *.(9.";."8#"3(@%*68.92;"I";3>6#/3;#;";."8#>""#(93D2#>!"#8"*.(%>"62.;." ;.@3/>."Q2.".8"%/A>*%"@%(>9392B#"2("D/26%"*3(%/39#/3%";."8#">%@3.;#;"D/3.D#!"@2I%" %K1.93=%".>.(@3#8"62.;.">./".>93*#;%"@%*%"8#"`/.*%"./#"2(#">.@9#"/.83D3%>#"%"3(@82>%"2(#"/.83D3?("Q2."6/.9.(;B#"2(#"N%(;#" transformación en la creencia usual acerca de los dioses.",u"F)("#>B!"I".>9%"N#I" Q2.">.$#8#/8%";.>;."#N%/#!"(%"6#/.@.";.8"9%;%"@8#/%">3".8"%/A>*%"6./>.D2B#" ;3/.@9#*.(9."A(.>"6%8B93@%>"#"9/#=C>";.">2"/.%("6#86#K8.>"r+",-./012!"9"#")!"8%>"D%K3./(%>"39E83@%>"639#D?/3@%>" I"8#"#@2>#@3?("N.@N#"6%/"8%>">%A>9#>"#"b?@/#9.>">%("@8#=.r,7 no poseemos  9/#9#;%>!";3>@2/>%>"%"/.p.:3%(.>"6%8B93@#>"#9/3K23;#>".:@82>3=#*.(9."#8"%/A>*%" #/@#3@%" %" @8E>3@%+" O#/.@3./#" Q2." 8#" .:3>9.(@3#" ;." @%" ?/A@#>" 9.(B#" 2(#" A(#83;#;".:@82>3=#*.(9."@)893@#"r3(3@3#@3%(.>!"62/3A@#@3%(.>!"=.D.9#/3#(3>*%!" .>@#9%8%DB#r">3("#>63/#@3%(.>"/.#8.>"#8"6%;./"6%8B93@%T"#2(Q2.!"6%/">262.>9%!" .>9%"(%".>"*E>"Q2."2(#".>6.@28#@3?(+" M("A(!"6#/#"*3"%K1.93=%!"8%"/.8.=#(9.";.8"%/A>*%".>"Q2."@%*6#/9."2("()@8.%" /.83D3%>%"@%(".8"639#D%/3>*%"I"@%(".8"68#9%(3>*%"I"Q2.";3@N%"()@8.%"92=%"@%(>.­ @2.(@3#>"6%8B93@#>".("#*K#>";%@9/3(#>+ ]#"12>93A@#@3?(";."8#"/.p.:3?("#(9./3%/">.">2>9.(9#!";.".(9/#;#!".("8%>"9.>­ 93*%(3%>" @8E>3@%>" #@./@#" ;.8" %/3D.(" .:9/#(1./%" ;." 8#>" 9/.>" ;%@9/3(#>+" X2@N%>" N.8.(%>" @/.B#(" Q2." #Q2C88#>" (%" ./#(" ;." @2$%" .>9/3@9#*.(9." D/3.D%" >3(%" Q2." 6/%=.(B#(" ;." @3=383L#@3%(.>" ;3>93(9#>" I" 8.1#(#>+" ]%>" 9.>93*%(3%>" ;%:%D/EA@%>" #(93D2%>"6/.>./=#("8%>"=3#1.>";."R/+" ,4 " S+"l+"^29N/3.!"N'3"&$#$/2$'"/080:;$8'0"82+"P/#;+";."i2#("*#/;+"X#;/3;!"b3/2.8#!"455-!"66+" 4\u!"4\\+ ," X3/@.#"M83#;.!"L0)7&'02$("$/2)$1'"";102)$#$/2)$0("2)$'"/080&)2)+"P/#;+";."i+"S.(9.+"m#/@.8%(#!" O#3;?>!",kkk!"66+"44x"I">>+ ,u " S+"l+"^29N/3.!"&,4$1074!"6+"47-+ ,7 " M8" @#>%" >%@/E93@%" .>" *.(%>" (B93;%" >3" @%(>3;./#*%>" Q2.!" >.D)(" 8#>" /." @8E>3@#>!" b?@/#9.>"./#"6#/9B@36.";."2(#">#(#";3>9#(@3#"@%("/.>6.@9%"#8"#*K3.(9."6%8B93@%";.">2"C6%@#T".*6./%!" @%*%">.$#8#"V+"F/.(;9".("2("@#6B928%";.;3@#;%"#"b?@/#9.>!".>9%"62.;.";.K./>."12>9#*.(9."#"2(#" .>@%(;3;#"3(9.(@3?("/.9#";.8"A8?>%!"455x!"66+"u7"I">>+w

EN­CLAVES del pensamiento, año VII, núm. 13, enero­junio 2013, pp. 125­135.

EnClaves13.indb 131

13/06/13 11:55

,-4"

X#/@%"F(9%(3%"]?6.L"M>63(%L#

V3>9%/3#;%/.>"@%*%"M>9/#K?(!"z3?;%/%"bB@28%!"z3?D.(.>"]#./@3%"I".(".>6.@3#8" V./?;%9%"@%(A/*#(".>9#"=3>3?(+,\  F8"/.>6.@9%";.8"%/A>*%"I".8"639#D%/3>*%"9/#3D%"#"@%8#@3?(";%>";."8%>"6#>#1.>" *E>"#(93D2%>"I">3D(3A@#93=%>+"M8"6/3*./%".>";.8"/.9?/3@%"@8E>3@%"'>?@/#9.>"Q23.(" /.*#/@#"8#"#89./3;#;"I".:9/#(1./B#";.8"639#D%/3>*%"@%("8#>">3D23.(9.>"6#8#K/#>H" `O39ED%/#>".8">#*3%+"g>9.";.>62C>";."88.D#/"#"MD369%"I"N#@./>.";3>@B628%";." #Q2.88%>"N%*K/.>!""D/3.D%>"2(#"*+,-,56%)"&57/7(37  I">."#683@?"@%("*E>"K/388#(9.L"Q2."8%>";.*E>".("8%"Q2.">."/.A./."#">#@/3A@3%>" I"/39%>".("8%>">#(92#/3%>a+,o  h.>289#" >3D(3A@#93=%" Q2." '>?@/#9.>" @8#/#*.(9." =3(@28." .>#" `%9/#" A8%>%6.@9%>"@2892#8.>";."8#"/.83D3?("D/3.D#"I"(%"@%(".8.*.(9%>"Q2."6%;/B#*%>" ;.(%*3(#/"`/#@3%(#8.>a+"FQ2B!".8".:9/#(1./3>*%";."8#";%@9/3(#"639#D?/3@#"(%">." 2K3@#";.(9/%";.8".>Q2.*#";."8%".:@82>3=#*.(9."A8%>?A@%0/#@3%(#8+"XE>"K3.(!" .8"#>6.@9%";39#".("2("*.1%/"9/#9%"@%(".8"@289%"I!".(".>9#" *.;3;#!"6%;.*%>"@%(1.92/#/!">3D23.(;%"#"'>?@/#9.>!"Q2."#Q2.88%"Q2."O39ED%/#>" #6/.(;3?";."8%>">#@./;%9.>".D36@3%>"(%"3(%!".("/.#83;#;!" %9/#"/.83D3?(T"%9/#"";3%>.>"D/3.D%>"r"@?*%"b?@/#9.>+"" b3D23.(;%" 8#" *3>*#" 8B(.#!" .(" 2(" %" 6#>#1." ;." 8#" Historia!" V./?;%9%" declara: c]%>".D36@3%>e"(%"3(9/%;2@.("/%6#>";."8#(#".("8%>">#(92#/3%>"(3".(93.//#("#" (#;3." @%(" .88#>!" 62.>" >26%(." 2(#" 3//.=./.(@3#+" M(" .>9%" @%3(@3;.(" @%(" 8%>" /39%>"Q2.">."88#*#("?/A@%>"I"KEQ23@%>!"Q2.">%(";."%/3D.(".D36@3%!"I"@%("8%>" 639#D?/3@%>!"62.>"#"Q23.("6#/93@36#";.".>9%>"@289%>"*3>9C/3@%>"9#*6%@%"8.".>9E" 6./*393;%"6%/"2(">#D/#;%"/.>6.9%!">./".(9.//#;%"@%("=.>93;%>";."8#(#+"{"#".>9." respecto se cuenta una historia sagrada.,x 

M8"N3>9%/3#;%/"@%*68.*.(9#"A.8*.(9."8#".Q236#/#@3?(".(9/."8#>"@#/#@9./B>93@#>" @2892#8.>" I" A8%>?A@#>" ;." 8%>" 639#D?/3@%>H" C>9%>!" >3D23.(;%" 8#" /.83D3?(" .D36@3#!"

,\ " O#/#".8"@#>%";.8"=3#1.";."O39ED%/#>!"cf+"iE*K83@%!"H0(2$("$50728:'012!"=%8+"II!"66+",,0,4T"=%8+"IV!" 6+",kT"M>9/#K?(!"39?" #"8%>"*#D%>"@#8;.%>"I"@/.9.(>.>!"H0(2$("$/&)$K/:)&3&)$0/6)7'")E vol. VIII!"6+"4+"b.D)("z3%;%/%"bB@28%!" 6/E@93@#*.(9."9%;%>"8%>">#K3%>"D/3.D%>"?@/#9.>!"G0)16')&)$RP6)0'0)S4$P/#;+";."i2#("X+"^2L*E(!"X#;/3;!"^/.;%>!"4554!"6+"4x+ ,x " V./?;%9%!"L0)7&'02$JJ4$P/#;+";."f#/8%>"b@N/#;./+"X#;/3;!"^/.;%>!"455,!"6+"x,+

EN­CLAVES del pensamiento, año VII, núm. 13, enero­junio 2013, pp. 125­135.

EnClaves13.indb 132

13/06/13 11:55

]#"A8%>%"(3".(93.//#("#"8%>"*2./9%>"@%("9)(3@#>";."8#(#+,k El  9.>93*%(3%".>";%K8.*.(9."/.=.8#;%/"6%/Q2."V./?;%9%"#;12;3@#"8#"*3>*#"#@9392;" 9#(9%"#"639#D?/3@%>"@%*%"#"8%"6/.>@/39%".("8%>"`/39%>"88#*#;%>"?/A@%>a+" V./?;%9%".>9#K8.@."#>B!";.>;."8#"F(93DG.;#;!"2("%"I" ;.".:9/#(1./B#".(9/."639#D%/3>*%"I"%/A>*%+" z."N.@N%!"#"8%>"%1%>";.8"N3>9%/3#;%/"D/3.D%"r;.A.(;."S#89./"m2/_./9r"R/­ "(%">?8%"*#/@#("2("62(9%";."Q23.K/#".(">.(93;%"A8%>?A@%!"(%" >%("*./%>"";."2(#">.@9#"/.83D3%>#"`>3(%";."2(#"(2.=#"/.83D3?(d"8#" 9/#(>9%>" ;%>"(%*K/.>a+45"|23LE"9#*K3C("6%/".>%"l3/_"I"h#=.("#A/*.("Q2.H"`O39ED%/#>"(%" %%"@#/3>*E93@%a+4,"M(")893*#"3(>9#(@3#!"8%"Q2." *."6#/.@.">3D(3A@#93=%"(%".>"9#(9%"8#"@%*6/%K#@3?("N3>9?/3@#";."Q2.".8"%/A>*%!" .8"639#D%/3>*%"rI".(">2"@#>%".8"6/%63%"68#9%(3>*%r"9.(D#("%/3D.(".D36@3%!">3(%" >.$#8#/"Q2."para el resto de los helenos"8#"6/%@.;.(@3#";."#*K#>";%@9/3(#>" .>9#K#"#"%A@3#8+" O%/">2"6#/9.!"8#"A8%>%3@#>"9#(9%";.8"%/A>*%" como del pitagorismo. Sendos pasajes en +",-./012!"T"(:;!">0C"&"I"9"#")  r6%/"*.(@3%(#/"8%>"@#/;3(#8.>r"*2.>9/#(".8"D/#;%";."@%(%@3*3.(9%"I";."3(­ p2.(@3#"Q2."`8%>";3>@B628%>";."R%K/.".8"A8?>%"@#>2#8"Q2."#@92#8*.(9."8#"92;3%";.8"%/A>*%">.#(" precisamente los G0D/&8&)444 ]#"*3>*#"@./@#(B#".:3>9.".(9/.".8"639#D%/3>*%"I"8#"F@#;.*3#!">%K/."9%;%" @%(>3;./#(;%".8"=B(@28%"#*3>9%>%"Q2.".:3>9B#".(9/."O8#9?("I"2(%";."8%>")893*%>" D/#(;.>"639#D?/3@%>!"F/Q239#>";."P#/.(9%+"]#"3(p2.(@3#"6#/.@.";.@3>3=#".(".8" 68#(";.".>92;3%>"9/#L#;%".(".8"83K/%" VII de +",-./012!";%(;.">.".>9#K8.@."Q2." 8%>""D2#/;3#(.>"I"D%K./(#(9.>";."F9.(#>";.K.("@2/>#/"@2#9/%"936%>";." .>92;3%>"D/#;2#8.>!"#">#K./!"#/39*C93@#!"D.%*.9/B#!".>9./%(%*B#"I"#>9/%(%*B#0 *)>3@#!"#(9.>";.".*6/.(;./".8".>92;3%";."8#";3#8C@93@#+"b.D)("f%/(3>";."V./?;%9%"(%"6%>.."K#>."N3>9?/3@#+"F8"/.>6.@9%!"134"S+"l+"f+" ^29N/3.!">?"$+"O./%".>9%"(%"3(=#83;#"8#"@/..(@3#"6/%#;#"6%/" .8"N3>9%/3#;%/"D/3.D%+"P#*K3C("=C#>."8#"%63(3?(";."O+"l3(D>8.I!"T0/&)&3O2$2;70862E$C0)7"'0&$#$C2802E$ AC,B(&1/")$#$/2$7'2(010:;$,0728:'012+"P/#;+";."F8.1#(;/%"f%/%8.2+"^3/%(#!"F9#8#(9#!"455x! 6+"-u7+" F";3"@/.."Q2."8#"`N3>9%/3#">#D/#;#a"(%">."/.A./."#"8%>"?/A@%>" >3(%"#"8%>".D36@3%>!"vcf+"f+"MDD./>!$9&)$K/:)&3&)$,'")&1'D701&)$I+"X#;/3;!"^/.;%>!"4555+"6+"4,-+w 45 " S+"m2/_./9!"&,4$1074! 6+"-k-+"O#/#"2(#".:6%>3@3?("*E>";.9#88#;#".("8#"/.8#@3?(".(9/."%/A>*%" I".8"639#D%/3>*%".("9C/*3(%>"/.83D3%>%>!"=C#>."66+"-k\"I">>+ 4, " l3/_0h#=.(!" 9&)$ K/:)&3&)$ ,'")&1'D701&).  L0)7&'02$ 1'O7012$ 1&;$ )"/"110:;$ ("$ 7"U7&). Trad.  de  i.>)>"^#/@B#+"X#;/3;!"^/.;%>!",kkk! 6+"-u7+ 44   Cf+"F+"m./(#KC!"L0"'&)$/:8&). 5&")O2$:'K12$)&.'"$/&)$(0&)")E$"/$2/C2$#$"/$CD)$2//D+"X#;/3;!" F_#8!"455-!"66+"475"I">>T"S+"l+"f+"^29N/3.!"N'3"&$#$/2$'"/080:;$8'0"82!"66+"7o"I">>+

EN­CLAVES del pensamiento, año VII, núm. 13, enero­junio 2013, pp. 125­135.

EnClaves13.indb 133

13/06/13 11:55

,-u"

X#/@%"F(9%(3%"]?6.L"M>63(%L#

.>9./%(%*B#"%"`D.%*.9/B#";."8%>">?83;%>a!"Q2.".>"2(#"3(=.(@3?("@%*68.9#*.(9." 68#9?(3@#!"8#>"%9/#>";3>@3683(#>"" .("P#/.(9%!" I" .(" .>9#" *.;3;#" .8" 6/%I.@9%" .;2@#93=%" I" 6%8B93@%" ;." O8#9?(".>9#K#".>9/.@N#*.(9."=3(@28#;%"#"D/26%>"639#D?/3@%>+4-

El Zeitgeist satelital ]#"N3>9%/3#";."8#>"/.83D3%(.>"12>93A@#"8#"6./@.6@3?("."3(@%(""D/26%>">.8.@9%>!".:683@#(;%".8"@N%Q2.";.";%>" "N3>9?/3@#>"@%("6.>%>";.>3D2#8.>+"O%/"2("8#;%!".8"#A#(L#;%"6%;./";."8#" 6%.>B#"N%*C/3@#"I!"6%/"%9/%!"8#>"@%*2(3;#;.>">#9.839#8.>"Q2."6/.9.(;.(".8"@%(9/%8" /.83D3%>%"I"D2K./(#*.(9#8H"`b."62.;."3(9./6/.9#/"8#"62/.L#"?/A@#"I"639#D?/3@#" como un movimiento de protesta contra la polis"3(>9392@3%(#83L#;#a+4u  M("2(#"@/%(%8%DB#"N36%9C93@#";."8#"@3=383L#@3?("D/3.D#!"X3/@.#"M83#;."/.D3>9/#" 8#>" #6#/3@3%(.>" 3(3@3#8.>" ;.8" %/A>*%" I" .8" 639#D%/3>*%" #" A(#8.>" ;.8" >3D8%" VI!" I" 6#/#8.8#*.(9."8#"@%(93(2#@3?(";."#*K%>"*%=3*3.(9%>".("8#"A8%>%9E!"@%*%"C8"*3>*%">%>93.(.H"`3D(%/#*%>"8#"6/%9%N3>9%/3#" ;."8%>"*%=3*3.(9%>".("8#"^/.@3#"F(93D2#a!"6./%"#"9%;#>"82@.>"`@%(9/#>9#("@%("8#" .>63/392#83;#;";."8#"/.83D3?("%A@3#8"/.6/.>.(9#;#"6%/"V%*./%a+4\"R/%("/.6/.>.(9#(9.>";."2(#"*3>*#"39%/#"#8"@289%" N%*C/3@%".>9#K8.@3;%+ J%".>9E";."*E>"3(>3>93/!".*6./%!"Q2.";3@N#"9.>3>"(%"6/.9.(;."#(28#/"/#*68%­ (#*.(9."8#>"@#/#@9./B>93@#>".>6.@BA@#>";."@#;#";%@9/3(#+"J%"K2>@#";.*%>9/#/" Q2."2(#"*#(@N#"N3>9?/3@#"#*%/9/%(#/".8"%/;.("N%*C/3@%T"@%(9/#­ /3#*.(9.H"`.>"6%>3K8."Q2."@3./9%"()*./%";.".>@/39%>"?/A@%>">.#("%K/#";."639#­ D?/3@%>!"6./%">./B#"3(D.(2%"3*#D3(#/"Q2."8%>"*39%>".>@#9%8?D3@%>!"8#>"@/..(@3#>" I" 8%>" /39%>" ?/A@%>" @B628%>+" ]%>" ;%>" *%=3*3.(9%>"/.83D3%>%>">.";.>#//%88#/%("6#/#8.8#*.(9."@%*%".:6/.>3?(";."2(" mismo V"078"0)7a+4o"M9?/3@#H".:3>9."2(#"3;.#!"2("#*K3.(9.!" 4  Cf+"n+"X+"f%/(*%"I".8" 639#D%/3>*%"=C#>.!".(9/."*2@N%>"%9/%>+"n+"h%;/BD2.L"F;/#;%>!"&,4$1074!"66+"4k7"I">>T"-4k"I">>T"S+" l+"f+"^29N/3.!">?"$T"O3.//."V#;%9!"WX6B$")$/2$K/&)&3O2$2;70862Y  P/#;+";."M83#(."f#L.(#=.!"XC:3@%!"FCE!"4555!"6+"o5T"I">%K/."8#"/.8#@3?(".(9/."8%>"*39%>"639#D?/3@%>" I"8%>"68#9?(3@%>!"O+"l3(D>8.I!"&,4$1074"66+",-x"I">>!",7k"I">>"I"4,k"I">>+ 4u   Cf+"S+"m2/_./9!"&,4$1074"6+"u5u+ 47   Cf+"X+"M83#;.!"&,4$107+!"6+"4-o+ 4\   Ibid+!"6+"4,k+ 4o   J.0(4!"6+"4--+

EN­CLAVES del pensamiento, año VII, núm. 13, enero­junio 2013, pp. 125­135.

EnClaves13.indb 134

13/06/13 11:55

,-7

]#"A8%>%*%!"Q2."(%"3*683@#"3;.(93A@#@3?(" en el sistema de creencias particulares. &3>9%";.>;.".>9."E(D28%"6%;.*%>"%"8#"@2*K/."N3>9?/3@#";."#Q2.88#" 3;#;"N.8C(3@#>+

* * * f%("9%;%"8%"#(9./3%/!">."62.;."(%9#/"Q2."8#"@%*6/.(>3?(">%K/.".8"(#@3*3.(9%";." 8#"A8%>%#/3#*.(9."N#";.">./".:683@#;%")(3@#­ *.(9."@%*%"2("`6#>%";.8"*39%"#"8#"/#L?(a!"I#"Q2."@%(93.(."*#93@.>"/.83D3%>%>" @%(>3;./#K8.>+"M8"`6#>%a"Q2.">26%(.".8"@#*K3%";."2(%"#"%9/%"62.;."#K%/;#/>.!" >3D23.(;%"8#"9/#;3@3?("*%;./(#!"12>9#*.(9."#>B!"@%*%".8"@#*K3%";.8"`*39%a"#"8#" `/#L?(a!"@3./9%!"6./%"(%";.K.*%>"#6#/9#/"8#"*3/#;#";."8#>"3(9.(@3%(.>"/.­ 9#>".("9C/*3(%>"/.83D3%>%>"I"6%8B93@%>";."#Q2.88%>"A8?>%+"sM("=./;#;"./#"8#" /#@3%(#83L#@3?(";.8"*39%".8"A("@%*)(";."O39ED%/#>!"O8#9?("I"@%*6#$B#t!"s(%">./E" Q2."9#8"`/#@3%(#83L#@3?(a".>"8#";./3=#@3?(";."#8D%"Q2.".88%>"@%(>3;./#K#("*E>" .>.(@3#8t!"s62.;."@%(>3;./#/>.".(9%(@.>".8"`6#>%a";.8"*39%"#"8#"A8%>%262.>9%"Q2."9#8.>"6/.D2(9#>"N#(";.">./"2K3@#;#>".("2("N%/3L%(9.";." @%*6/.(>3?(".>6.@BA@%+"M(".>9#>"8B(.#>!">3(".*K#/D%!"*3"3(9.(@3?(">."/.;2@." #">.$#8#/"8#"6%>3K383;#;";."+"M("*3"%63(3?(!"9#(9%"8%>"9.>93­ *%(3%>"D/3.D%>"@%*%"8#>"3(9./6/.9#@3%(.>"@%(9.*6%/E(.#>"Q2."N."*.(@3%(#;%" #Q2B!"(%>"6./*39.(".>9#K8.@./"8#>"@%%/;.(#;#>"D.(./#8.>";.".>9#"%9/#"6./>6.@­ 93=#"I">2"6%>3K8.";.>#//%88%+"M("C>9."Q23LE".(@%(9/.*%>"#8D2(#>"/.>62.>9#>"*E>" #@#K#;#>">%K/.".8"(#@3*3.(9%"I".8"6%/=.(3/";."8#"A8%>%

Get in touch

Social

© Copyright 2013 - 2024 MYDOKUMENT.COM - All rights reserved.