VALPARAISO. History and Places to visit

VALPARAISO History and Places to visit Susanne Schwellinger Workshop on Physics of the SM and Beyond in the LHC Era, UTFSM, Jan 2008 History of Val

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VALPARAISO History and Places to visit

Susanne Schwellinger Workshop on Physics of the SM and Beyond in the LHC Era, UTFSM, Jan 2008

History of Valparaíso „

Valparaíso Bay: „

Original name: Valle de Quintril

„

First inhabitants: Changos

First Spanish expedition to Chile „

1536 Discovery of Chile „

Capt. Juan de Saavedra (sent by Diego de Almagro)

- discovers the Valle de Quintril - renames it Valparaíso (after his home town in Spain).

Second Spanish expedition to Chile „

1540: Conquest of Chile „

Pedro de Valdivia:

-

1541: Foundation of Santiago de Chile 1544: Valparaíso is declared Port of Santiago

-

Life in Valparaíso in the 16th Century „

1559: first church (Iglesia de La Matriz)

…plus a few simple huts.

1559

1822

1842 - today

Life in Valparaíso in the 16th Century „

Pirates and corsairs Sir Francis Drake

„

Earthquakes

„

Storms

Sir Thomas Cavendish

Life in Valparaiso in the 17th -18th Century „

First fortresses for the defense of the harbor

„

Arrival of first religious orders

Augustines

Franciscans

Jesuits

Mercedaries

End of the 18th Century (Colonial times) „ „ „ „

Simple Houses Defense Convents Halls and Storage Places

Life in Valparaíso in the 19th Century „

1810: Independence of Chile

„

1820: Valparaíso becomes an open international harbor (law of free commerce)

„

Consequences: - Golden Age of Valparaíso - Large immigration of Europeans

Large European Immigration 19th Century „

English and German representatives of shipping companies settle on the hills.

„

Cerro Alegre and Cerro Concepción

Large European Immigration 19th Century „

French Immigrants open in Valparaíso the finest stores of South America.

Calle San Juan de Dios (today: Calle Condell)

Large European Immigration 19th Century „

Italian Immigrants settle in sector El Almendral

Foreign Influence in Valparaíso „

Schools

Foreign Influence in Valparaíso „

Schools

„

Churches and cemeteries

Foreign Influence in Valparaíso „

Schools

„

Churches and cemeteries

„

Theaters

Foreign Influence in Valparaíso „

Schools

„

Churches and cemeteries

„

Theaters

„

Trade

Land fillings: Today

1900

Land fillings: 1900

1850

Land fillings: 1850

1800

In total, from 1800 to today:

Golden Age of Valparaíso (1822 -1906) „ „ „ „ „ „ „

First Stock Exchange (1850) First Fire Department (1851) First Bank (1855) First Telegraph First City in Chile with gaslight Electric Tramways (1900) Freedom of religion

End of the Golden Age „ „ „

1906: Earthquake! (~8.3) 1914: Panama Canal 1918: Saltpeter crisis

Valparaíso Today „

2003: World Cultural Heritage declared by UNESCO

Valparaíso Today „

2003: World Cultural Heritage declared by UNESCO

„

Major port of Chile

Valparaíso Today „

2003: World Cultural Heritage declared by UNESCO

„

Major port of Chile

„

8 Universities

Valparaíso Today „

2003: World Cultural Heritage declared by UNESCO

„

Major port of Chile

„

8 Universities

„

National Congress of the Republic of Chile

Places to visit „

Plaza Sotomayor „

Monument to the Heroes of the Iquique Naval battle.

Places to visit „

Plaza Sotomayor „

„

Monument to the Heroes of the Iquique Naval battle. Muelle Prat (the pier).

Places to visit „

Plaza Sotomayor „

„ „

„

Monument to the Heroes of the Iquique Naval battle. Muelle Prat (the pier). Building of the Chilean Navy. Archeological Museum.

First Route: Ascensor El Peral, Cerro Alegre „

Palace of Justice with Statue of Themis.

First Route: Ascensor El Peral, Cerro Alegre Palace of Justice with Statue of Themis. „ Ascensor El Peral (1902). „

First Route: Ascensor El Peral, Cerro Alegre Palace of Justice with Statue of Themis. „ Ascensor El Peral (1902). „ Paseo Yugoslavo. „

First Route: Ascensor El Peral, Cerro Alegre Palace of Justice with Statue of Themis. „ Ascensor El Peral (1902). „ Paseo Yugoslavo. „ Baburizza Palace. „ Cerro Alegre. „

Second Route: Calle Prat, Cerro Concepción, Plaza Victoria „ „

Calle Prat, Banking district Reloj Turri (clock tower)

Second Route: Calle Prat, Cerro Concepción, Plaza Victoria „ „ „

Calle Prat, Banking district Reloj Turri (clock tower) Ascensor Turri (1883)

Second Route: Calle Prat, Cerro Concepción, Plaza Victoria „ „ „ „

Calle Prat, Banking district Reloj Turri (clock tower) Ascensor Turri (1883) Paseo Gervasoni

Second Route: Calle Prat, Cerro Concepción, Plaza Victoria „ „ „ „ „

Calle Prat, Banking district Reloj Turri (clock tower) Ascensor Turri (1883) Paseo Gervasoni Cerro Concepción

Second Route: Calle Prat, Cerro Concepción, Plaza Victoria „ „ „ „ „ „

Calle Prat, Banking district Reloj Turri (clock tower) Ascensor Turri (1883) Paseo Gervasoni Cerro Concepción Paseo Atkinson

Second Route: Calle Prat, Cerro Concepción, Plaza Victoria „ „ „ „ „ „ „

Calle Prat, Banking district Reloj Turri (clock tower) Ascensor Turri (1883) Paseo Gervasoni Cerro Concepción Paseo Atkinson Diario El Mercurio (1827)

Second Route: Calle Prat, Cerro Concepción, Plaza Victoria „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „

Calle Prat, Banking district Reloj Turri (clock tower) Ascensor Turri (1883) Paseo Gervasoni Cerro Concepción Paseo Atkinson Diario El Mercurio (1827) Ex-Hotel Royal Hotel Colón

Second Route: Calle Prat, Cerro Concepción, Plaza Victoria „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „

Calle Prat, Banking district Reloj Turri (clock tower) Ascensor Turri (1883) Paseo Gervasoni Cerro Concepción Paseo Atkinson Diario El Mercurio (1827) Ex-Hotel Royal Hotel Colón Plaza Aníbal Pinto

Second Route: Calle Prat, Cerro Concepción, Plaza Victoria „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „

Calle Prat, Banking district Reloj Turri (clock tower) Ascensor Turri (1883) Paseo Gervasoni Cerro Concepción Paseo Atkinson Diario El Mercurio (1827) Ex-Hotel Royal Hotel Colón Plaza Aníbal Pinto Calle Condell Plaza de la Victoria

Third Route: Cerro Artillería, Paseo 21 de Mayo, Navy Museum, Avenida Gran Bretaña „

Old Custom Building (Aduana) of Valparaíso

Third Route: Cerro Artillería, Paseo 21 de Mayo, Navy Museum, Avenida Gran Bretaña „ „

Old Custom Building (Aduana) of Valparaíso Ascensor Artillería

Third Route: Cerro Artillería, Paseo 21 de Mayo, Navy Museum, Avenida Gran Bretaña „ „ „

Old Custom Building (Aduana) of Valparaíso Ascensor Artillería Paseo 21 de Mayo

Third Route: Cerro Artillería, Paseo 21 de Mayo, Navy Museum, Avenida Gran Bretaña „ „ „ „

Old Custom Building (Aduana) of Valparaíso Ascensor Artillería Paseo 21 de Mayo Navy Museum

Third Route: Cerro Artillería, Paseo 21 de Mayo, Navy Museum, Avenida Gran Bretaña „ „ „ „ „

Old Custom Building (Aduana) of Valparaíso Ascensor Artillería Paseo 21 de Mayo Navy Museum Avenida Gran Bretaña (via Calle Artillería)

Fourth Route: La Sebastiana, Cerro Bellavista „ „

Take Bus 612 (Av. España) and get off on Ferrari St. La Sebastiana, house of poet Pablo Neruda.

Fourth Route: La Sebastiana, Cerro Bellavista „ „ „

Take Bus 612 (Av. España) and get off on Ferrari St. La Sebastiana, house of poet Pablo Neruda. Open Sky Museum. (museo al cielo abierto)

Fourth Route: La Sebastiana, Cerro Bellavista „ „ „

Take Bus 612 (Av. España) and get off on Ferrari St. La Sebastiana, house of poet Pablo Neruda. Open Sky Museum. (museo al cielo abierto)

Fourth Route: La Sebastiana, Cerro Bellavista „ „ „ „

Take Bus 612 (Av. España) and get off on Ferrari St. La Sebastiana, house of poet Pablo Neruda. Open Sky Museum. (museo al cielo abierto) Ascensor Espíritu Santo (1911)

Recommendations for a safe visit to Valparaíso: „

Preferable to go in groups

„

Do not have the camera visible

„

Backpacks not on your back

Enjoy your stay in Valparaíso and thank you for your attention.

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